The city of Cusco is called also the "archaeological capital of America" and the all this region was the heart of the Inca Empire, the most important and powerful civilization of the Americas. In 1983, it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site. The citadel of Machu Picchu appears in the top destinations list by U.S. News. ,. It is ranked as the eighth best place to visit. Machu Picchu was discovered by Hiram Bingham in 1911, the ruins are today part of the UNESCO World Heritage sites, and since 2007 is one of the New Seven Wonders of the world.
Lake Titicaca is the largest freshwater lake in South America and the highest of the world's large lakes. Titicaca is one of less than twenty ancient lakes on earth, and is thought to be there million years old. Lake Titicaca sits 3810 m above sea level and is situated between Peru to the west and Bolivia to the east
The Chachapoyas, also called the Warriors of the Clouds, were an Andean people living in the cloud forests of the Amazonas region.