Trujillo / Chiclayo / Cajamarca
Trujillo, the capital of La Libertad department, is the third-largest city in Peru. The Moche and Chimu, two pre-Inca cultures, had great influence in this area. Specially the Moche culture left a great architectural legacy as an expression of art, power and prestige of one of the biggest cultural developments of ancient Peru, comparable with the great civilizations of the world.(200-800 AD).
The city itself has an attractive colonial city centre and around town there are some very interesting archaeological sites such as the Chimu mud-city of Chan Chan, a monumental adobe complex of royal palaces covering more than 52 sq. km (20 sq. miles). Also it is fascinating to visit the Temples of the Moon and Sun (Huacas del Sol y de la Luna), built by the Moche culture around A.D. 500.
The beaches of Huanchaco, half an hour’s drive from Trujillo, are ideal for a spot of relaxation. Local fishermen still catch fish here with reed boats (totora), just as they did long, long ago.
Also a visit to “El Brujo complex” and the “Museum of lady of Cao” is a “must” in your visit to this area; both sites are testimony of the greatness of the Moche culture.
The city of Chiclayo itself may not have much to offer, but the region is most well known for their archaeological sites and treasures, such as Sipan, Túcume, Batán Grande and Huaca Rajada. A vist to the Sipan Lord museum, consider by some archaeologists one of the most important archaeological discoveries in South America in the last 30 years, as the main tomb was found intact and untouched by thieves. By 2007, fourteen tombs had been located and identified at Huaca Rajada. Also the area of Tucume and the Witches market will be an unforgettable experience.
Cajamarca is our historical city because was here where Pizarro captured and ransomed the Inca Emperor, Atahualpa, for gold and silver, before killing him anyway.
Cajamarca is the capital of the Cajamarca region of Peru. It is an ancient city, with roots dating back three thousand years before the colonialist era, before the Inca era, and even before the Chavín people. This region was inhabited by the Huacaloma, Layzón, Cumbe Mayo y Otuzco people. It is surrounded by fertile lands in a valley bordered by the Andes mountains. In the colonial center, we find majestic churches border the capacious Plaza de Armas and on the top of The Santa Apolonia hill, which lies about 218 yards (200 m) to the south of the Plaza de Armas, not only offers expansive views of the city and the surrounding valley, but is also home to stone carvings known as the ‘”eats of the Inca”.
A little bit out of the city we will find the Baños del Inca (Inca baths) , hot springs that dates back to the time of the Inca Empire; the minerals in the baths are considered to have healing properties. The Ventanillas de Otuzco (Little Windows of Otuzco) are niches carved into the hillside, measuring 1 to 2.5 ft. (30 to 76 cm) high and up to 33 ft (10 m) deep where the Inca are said to have buried their dead; Cumbe Mayo, also known a ‘stone forest and much, much more.
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